Heart Disease (Cardiac Disease)

Information from to help you understand what heart disease is and some of the drugs used to treat it.

Cardiac disease heart


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Heart disease includes a number of conditions that affect the heart. Some examples include: coronary heart disease, heart attack, cardiovascular disease, pulmonary heart disease and high blood pressure. Heart disease is a big problem in today's society because of lifestyle issues such as poor diet, lack of exercise and smoking.

Coronary heart disease is the principal type of cardiac disease and affects millions throughout the world. Most cardiac disease patients had at least one of the following prior risk factors: high blood cholesterol, high blood pressure, cigarette use, or history of diabetes. Symptoms of cardiac disease often include: chest or abdominal pain, shortness of breath, bluish (cyanotic) skin color, fainting, abnormal heart beat sensation (such as palpitation or "skipped" beats), weakness, fatigue and swelling of the lower legs and ankles. Cardiac disease symptoms can vary greatly from patient to patient. In addition, men and women often exhibit differing symptoms such as how they describe any chest pain.  

Studies among people with heart disease have shown that lowering blood cholesterol and blood pressure can reduce the negative outcomes such as: having a heart attack, needing heart bypass surgery or requiring angioplasty.


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Many drugs are used as part of cardiac disease treatment. Four of the most commonly used classes of cardiac drugs are:

Drugs used to treat angina (chest pain) such as: nitrates ( nitroglycerin, isosorbide ), calcium channel blockers (verapamil, diltiazem) and beta blockers ( atenolol, propranolol ).

Drugs used to treat hypertension (high blood pressure) such as: beta blockers (above), calcium channel blockers (above), ace inhibitors ( enalapril, lisinopril ) , angiotensin receptor blockers ( Avapro - irbesartan, Cozaar - losartan, Benicar - olmesartan ), diruretics ( furosemide, hydrochlorothiazide ) and many others.

Drugs used to treat elevated blood lipids (high cholesterol, high triglycerides) such as: HMG CoA reductase inhibitors "statins" ( simvastatin, Lipitor - atorvastatin ), fibric acid derivatives (gemfibrozil, Lofibra - fenofibrate ).

Drugs used to "thin" the blood such as: aspirin and Plavix-clopidogrel.

In addition, a number of additional cardiac drug classes are used to treat rhythm disturbances.




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The Cardiac Recovery Cookbook

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For up to the minute news and information from around the world about heart disease Visit Here ! (NewsNow)


Although as accurate as possible, the information on this page may not relate to your particular medical condition and is not intended to be used in the diagnosis or treatment of any medical condition. Always refer to your healthcare provider before making any changes in your treatment plan. In addition any sites to which we link may or may not contain information appropriate to your medical condition.

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